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Why are cayenne pepper more spicy than red chili pepper?

For those who like spicy food, it is incomplete to eat or snack fried without being accompanied by cayenne pepper. However, do you know why the taste of cayenne can be many times more spicy than the usual big red chili?

Cayenne pepper is more spicy than ordinary chili

Chili has many types with different levels of spiciness. The spicy flavor of cayenne is produced from a chemical called capsaicin. The more capsaicin levels, the chili will feel more spicy.

To measure the level of spiciness or the content of capsaicin in chili certainly not tasted directly with the tongue. Because, there is a special way that is safer and more accurate, namely by using the Scoville Scale (SHU).

In Indonesia, cayenne is considered as one of the hottest types of chili. Quoting from the Tempo page, cayenne has a score of 100 thousand when measured using the Scoville Scale. While the large red chili is only around 30,000 - 50,000 SHU.

The world's most spicy chili record in the Guinness World Records version is held by Carolina Reaper who has a spiciness rate of 15-31 times that of cayenne pepper.

What happens to the body after eating cayenne pepper

Capsaicin has long been known to have the potential to relieve pain and increase the body's resistance to fighting infections. There have also been many studies that report the effect of capsaicin to encourage the work of the body's metabolism by up to 5% faster to burn more fat. The effect of burning calories is even known to continue to work until 20 minutes after you finish eating.

In addition, capsaicin is also believed to be effective for reducing LDL bad cholesterol levels while at the same time increasing HDL good cholesterol levels in the body. Still doubting the potential benefits of eating spicy food?

On the other hand, although beneficial, capsaicin also risks causing annoying side effects. Eating chili can make most people experience abdominal pain or heartburn, mouth and throat heat such as burning, to runny nose, sweating profusely, to tears. This is because capsaicin can trigger cell irritation in the membranes of the mouth, stomach, throat and eyes when consumed mostly.

Why can capsaicin cause various reactions?

Capsaicin is a stimulant compound. Various physical "symptoms" that arise after we eat spicy appear because capsaicin works to stimulate the nerves to increase the body's core temperature. When you eat cayenne pepper, the central nervous system in the brain reacts by dilating blood vessels in various parts of the body.

This is what triggers the skin to become red and sweat when we are "sick". This widening of the blood vessels also contributes to the increased production of saliva in the mouth and snot in the nose.

In the case of severe "pain" you may also become deaf while the production of excess saliva can cause a blockage of mucus in the eustachian canal, the channel that directly connects the throat to the ear.

On the other hand, capsaicin is a foreign compound for the body. Therefore, various "pain" reactions that you experience actually also become the subconscious defense system of the body to fight and improve the irritating effects of adverse capsaicin.

Your body's immune system detects that capsaicin intake from your spicy food is out of tolerance and must be resisted.

Powerful way to overcome spiciness

The content of capsaicin in raw cabae is effective in increasing appetite. No wonder this makes many people eat spicy foods frantically regardless of the sensations that arise afterwards.

Well, if you are one of the spicy lovers but are confused about how to relieve spiciness afterwards, the exact tips and tricks below might help:

1. Drink milk

Milk is one of the most effective spicy remover foods. According to the American Chemical Society, casein protein contained in milk can help replace the capsaicin compound that attaches to the nerves of your tongue.

You can also eat foods from milk derivative products, such as cheese, yogurt, or kefir to treat spiciness and burning sensations that appear in the mouth.

2. Chew other foods

When you are hot, immediately chew other foods that are rather hard textured such as crackers, chips, pastries, or even steamed rice. Eating other foods when you are feeling hot aims to give a different signal so that the receptors in the mouth do not absorb capsaicin compounds quickly.

You can also eat starchy foods, such as bread-rotian to relieve spiciness.

3. Eat sweet foods

Eating sweet foods can also be a powerful way to overcome the spiciness that you are experiencing. However, don't just eat sweet foods. Avoid eating foods that contain additional sweeteners. It would be nice, eat natural sweet foods from honey.

Consuming a spoonful of honey can help absorb the spicy oil contained in capsaicin so that it can relieve the spicy taste you feel.
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