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7 Causes of Pain Behind the Knee That Cannot Be Underestimated

Pain behind the knee is not normal even if you are actively exercising. This condition can actually be a sign of muscle injury, torn tissue, and inflammatory diseases in the area. In order not to be mistaken in handling it, here are various conditions that can cause pain in the back of your knee

What causes pain behind the knee?

1. Cramps in the legs

Cramps in the legs can be a cause of pain behind the knee. People who experience foot nerves, liver disease, infections, and dehydration are more susceptible to this.

The typical pain from cramping can last for a few seconds to ten minutes. Even though the pain has disappeared, you may still feel pain in the leg muscles for a few hours later. Try giving a warm water compress and relaxing your feet to deal with cramps in the legs and prevent them from reappearing.

2. Sprained knee

Accidents, collisions, and falling incidents can shift the position of your bones and connective tissue to cause pain. If the pain behind the knee is caused by sprains, immediately check your condition to the doctor to prevent more severe complications.

3. Injury to knee tendinitis

Also known as patellar tendonitis, knee tendinitis occurs when the connecting muscles of the kneecap and calf bone are injured. This condition, which has the name jumper's knee, usually occurs when you jump or change direction suddenly. Therefore, athletes and people who exercise actively are more prone to experience it.

4. Iliotibial band syndrome

You who are very fond of cycling may need to be more careful, because you are more at risk of experiencing iliotibial band syndrome. This condition is characterized by rubbing the outer ligament tissue of the thigh with the bone at the back of the knee. Over time, the friction causes irritation, swelling and pain behind the knee.

5. Baker Cyst

Baker cysts are formed from a collection of lubricating fluid in the joints that are behind the knee. This lubricating liquid is actually beneficial for protecting the knee joint from friction, but its production can be excessive if you have arthritis or knee injury.

The extra liquid then clots and forms a cyst. This cyst may still disappear by itself. But if the size of the cyst is large enough and is accompanied by pain, you may need to consult a doctor to get the right treatment.

6. Arthritis (arthritis)

In patients with arthritis, cartilage tissue that becomes a bearing between joints is damaged causing pain behind the knee. Based on the cause, arthritis can be distinguished into rheumatism and osteoarthritis.

Rheumatism occurs as a result of errors in the immune system that attack healthy tissue in the knee joint. Meanwhile, osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease in the joints that attacks many elderly and obese people.

7. Hamstring muscle injury

The hamstring muscle is a group of muscles in the back of the thigh. If you are too far away, the hamstring muscle can be injured or torn causing pain, including on the back of the knee. The process of restoring hamstring muscles can usually take up to months.

Pain behind the knee generally results from injury, torn muscles, or diseases of the knee joint. You can relieve the pain with the RICE method which consists of resting, icing (giving cold compresses), compressing (pressing the injured area with bandages), and elevating (lifting the injured leg).

However, if the pain does not go away, you should see a doctor. Doctors can suggest further examinations or determine the therapy needed.

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